Get Heat Smart
Overexposure to heat can be incredibly dangerous, and with the dog days of summer upon us just as fall sports training begins, it's essential to be heat smart. This means taking steps to prevent overexposure and learning to recognize and respond to the signs of heat stroke.
Be aware of temperatures and humidity levels, and modify your activities appropriately.
Limit outdoor activities from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m., when temperatures are highest.
Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of low-sugar or no-sugar fluids.
Wear loose-fitting, lightweight and light-colored clothing.
In the event that overexposure to heat does occur, it's important to be able to recognize the signs of heat stroke. Heat stroke is a form of hyperthermia with accompanying physical and neurological symptoms. Unlike heat exhaustion, heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if not quickly and appropriately treated.
Signs of overexposure to heat include pale, clammy skin, muscle cramps, headache, feeling tired and weak, nausea or vomiting, confusion or disorientation, and/or becoming semi-conscious or passing out. If you or someone you encounter is experiencing a heat-induced illness:
- Call 9-1-1
- Get the person out of the sun immediately
- Apply water to help the person cool off
- Apply ice to the neck or armpits, where large blood vessels are close to the surface
- Remove any heavy clothing
- Immerse the body in cool water, either at a swimming pool or in a bathtub or shower